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Order: Artiodactyl 
Family: Cracidae 
Genus: Tayassu tajacu

Javalina (peccary)

The Javalina is approximately 12 - 16 inches in height and weighs from 35 to 55 lbs. with a lifespan of about 24 years. They usually run in herds of up to 50 individuals which contain family groups up to 15 members. Each family group uses different part of herd's territory which range from 0.2 - 3 sq. mi. They have a scent gland below each eye and one on back and within each group, animals will rub each other for recognition and to strengthen bonds. The collared peccary is the only wild ungulate of the western hemisphere with a year-round breeding season. The number of young is usually two, but litters range in size from one to five. Both parents care for the young, bringing them food and protecting them from predators. Like most pigs, the Peccary can be aggressive when facing danger or a perceived threat. When excited, the adult peccary shows off a mane that extends down the crown of the head to the rump.
Unlike wild boars, peccaries have tusks only in lower jaw for use in digging. The animal has a two chambered stomach which allows it to digest a high cellulose diet. It chews with a up and down motion, like humans, rather than a circular motion like other hoofed animals.)
Peccaries are chiefly herbivorous and feed on various cacti, especially prickly pear, mesquite beans, sotol, lechuguilla, and other succulent vegetation. In areas where prickly pear is abundant, peccaries seldom frequent water holes because these plants provide both food and water. Contrary to the habits of the common pig, peccaries rarely root in the ground but rather, push around on the surface even where the soil is very sandy and loose turning up chunks of wood and cactus. Mast, fruits, and terrestrial insects also are eaten.
Collared peccaries can move with equal ease on land and in water.They are commonly found in dense thickets of prickly pear, chaparral, scrub oak, or guajillo; also in rocky canyons where caverns and hollows afford protection and in barren wastelands.
Locate counties having a Javalina season using the above drop down menus. Before you go hunting or to the lease, check the hunting regulations for your county, or print out local merchants and resources on the web. Find out where to buy deer feed. available lodging in your county, eating places and camp repair parts including propane. Know before you go. When the new page loads, check out local resources on the left menu.

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